entries (22) - page 2

navigate to the topic list
  • Ways to get rid of dead skin/ Exfoliation

    Today, we are going to talk about ways to get rid of dead skin. In particular, we're going to look in detail at chemical exfoliation, which is all about chemical acids. We will talk about how they should be used, which skin types they are suitable for.

    Let's have a basic understanding of what exfoliation is. The top layer of the skin has a protective barrier that we call the Stratum Corneum. This layer is made up of dead cells and is renewed approximately every two weeks. However, over time, this renewal process can slow down due to various factors, especially after the age of 25, which are associated with aging, hormones, diet and weather changes.

    If exfoliation does not take place well, dead skin cells can clog pores and cause acne formation, as well as dryness, fine wrinkles and lifeless skin. Regular exfoliation is very important to prevent this.

    It is also important to understand the difference between physical and chemical exfoliation. Physical exfoliation involves products such as granular peels or konjac sponges, while chemical exfoliation involves using chemical acids. Chemical acids specifically include hydroxy acids such as AHA, BHA and PHA.

    Physical exfoliation products usually only work on the top layer of the skin and cannot act as deeply as chemical acids. However, the rate of damage to your skin when using physical exfoliation products may vary depending on the product used. If you have skin with a low tolerance to acids, it is recommended to opt for gentle products.

    Chemical acids include three types of hydroxy acids: AHA, BHA and PHA. Alpha hydroxy acids (AHAs) include Glycolic Acid, Lactic Acid, Malic Acid and Mandelic Acid. For AHAs to be effective, they must have a concentration between 4% and 10% and a pH of less than 4. Mandelic Acid is recommended for beginners due to its larger molecular size.

    The most common of the beta hydroxy acids (BHA) is Salicylic Acid. This acid is especially recommended for oily and acne-prone skin because it can penetrate deep into the pores and has cleansing properties.

    Poly hydroxy acids (PHAs) are more recently used in skin care. Different acids such as Lactobionic Acid and Gluconolactone are in this category. They may be less irritating because their molecular size is larger, but not enough research has been done on them yet.

    Azelaic Acid is an acid especially recommended for acneic and rosacea skin. It also has AHA and BHA properties and has skin cancer prevention properties.

    Retinoids, forms of vitamin A, Retinoid and Retinols are known for their ability to accelerate the regeneration of skin cells, antioxidant effects and support collagen synthesis. However, it is important to consult a dermatologist before use.

    Fruit enzymes include enzymes such as Bromelain and Papain, especially from sources such as pineapple and papaya. These enzymes usually come in mask form and provide a gentler exfoliation.

    Vitamin C, in the form of L-Ascorbic Acid, is the most widely used anti-aging ingredient. It protects the skin with antioxidants and is effective in reducing blemishes.

    One of the important points to be considered when using acids is not to neglect sun protection. If chemical acid products are used, it is important to use sunscreen every day. It is also important to gradually accustom the skin to the use of acids and test each new product on a small area first.

    To provide a guide on which acid is suitable for which skin type, we recommend Azelaic Acid, Salicylic Acid, Glycolic Acid, Lactic Acid and Mandelic Acid for acneic skin. For dry and mature skin, Glycolic Acid, Lactic Acid, Ascorbic Acid and Ferulic Acid may be suitable. Those who want to reduce blemishes can consider Vitamin C, Azelaic Acid, Glycolic Acid, Lactic Acid, L-Ascorbic Acid and Ferulic Acid. For sensitive skin, it may be advisable to start with physical peels and move on to gentler products such as fruit enzymes.

  • Ways to get rid of dead skin/ Exfoliation



    Chemical Exfoliation: What is it and How is it used?

    Chemical exfoliation is a skincare method used to exfoliate the top layer of the skin. This method accelerates skin regeneration, reduces the appearance of blemishes, removes acne and blackheads, evens skin tone and makes the skin look smoother.

    Acids used in chemical exfoliation are divided into three groups: alpha hydroxy acids (AHAs), beta hydroxy acids (BHAs) and poly hydroxy acids (PHAs).

    Alpha hydroxy acids (AHAs) are acids such as glycolic acid, lactic acid, malic acid and mandel acid. AHAs are effective for exfoliating the top layer of the skin and are effective in reducing the appearance of blemishes, even skin tone and making the skin look smoother.

    Beta hydroxy acids (BHAs) are acids such as salicylic acid. BHAs are effective in removing blackheads and acne by penetrating deep into the skin.

    Poly hydroxy acids (PHAs) are acids such as gluconolactone and lactobionic acid. PHAs are less irritating than AHAs and BHAs.

    Chemical exfoliation products are available in different forms such as serums, toners, masks and creams. It is important to test whether your skin is sensitive before using these products.

    How to use chemical exfoliation products?

    Before using chemical exfoliation products, make sure your skin is clean. Apply the product to your face and leave it on for 10-15 minutes. Then rinse the product off with warm water.

    If you are using chemical exfoliation products for the first time, start using them once a week and increase the frequency of use according to your skin's reaction.

    Do not neglect sun protection when using chemical exfoliation products. These products can make your skin more sensitive to sunlight.

    Which acid is suitable for which skin?

    -For skin with acne: Azelaic acid, salicylic acid, glycolic acid, lactic acid and mandel acid
    -For dry and mature skin: Glycolic acid, lactic acid, ascorbic acid and ferulic acid
    -For blemished skin: Vitamin C, azelaic acid, glycolic acid, lactic acid, l-ascorbic and ferulic acid.
    -For sensitive skin: Physical exfoliating products, fruit enzyme masks

    Things to consider when using chemical exfoliation products:

    -Chemical exfoliation products can irritate your skin. Therefore, it is important to test whether your skin is sensitive before using the products.
    -If you are using chemical exfoliation products for the first time, start using them once a week and increase the frequency of use according to your skin's reaction.
    -Do not neglect sun protection when using chemical exfoliation products. These products can make your skin more sensitive to sunlight.
    -Keep chemical exfoliation products away from the eye, nose and lip areas.
    -Do not use chemical exfoliation products with other skin care products that cause irritation to your skin.
    Chemical exfoliation is an effective skin care method that can help your skin look healthier and smoother. However, it is important to be careful when using this method and to test whether your skin is sensitive.

  • Retinol and Niacinamide in Skin Care



    Skin care is an important step towards healthy and youthful skin. Some of the active ingredients used in this process, especially retinol and niacinamide, play an important role in supporting skin health. Here are the details about these powerful active ingredients:

    Retinol: The Magic of Skin Rejuvenation

    Retinol is a derivative of vitamin A and stimulates collagen production by penetrating the lowest layer of the skin. Known for its anti-aging effects, retinol can reduce the signs of aging by supporting the regeneration of skin cells.

    Benefits of Retinol

    -Reduces wrinkles.
    -Reduces blemishes.
    -Helps in acne treatment.
    -Evens skin tone.
    -Improves skin elasticity.
    -Increases the skin's moisture retention capacity.

    Things to Consider When Using Retinol

    -Retinol increases skin sensitivity to sunlight. Therefore, sunscreen should always be used when using retinol.
    -Retinol can cause dryness and irritation on the skin. Therefore, it is important to maintain the skin's moisture balance when using retinol.
    -Retinol should not be used during pregnancy and breastfeeding.

    Methods of Using Retinol

    Retinol can be used at any stage of the skin care routine. However, for the first use, it is recommended to apply 2-3 times a week, at night. As the skin gets used to retinol, the frequency and amount of use can be increased.
    Retinol can be used in serum or cream form. Serum forms may give faster results as they contain more concentrated retinol. However, cream forms may be less irritating.

    When using retinol, you can follow the steps below to avoid dry and irritated skin:
    Before using retinol, clean your skin thoroughly.
    Apply a thin layer of Retinol to your cleansed skin.
    After applying Retinol, apply moisturizer to your skin.

    Other Ingredients that can be used with Retinol

    Retinol may be more effective when used in combination with other ingredients. Here are some ingredients that can be used together with retinol:
    Niacinamide: Helps to even skin tone and improve skin elasticity.
    Ascorbic acid (vitamin C): Helps reduce skin blemishes and increase collagen production.
    Hyaluronic acid: Helps increase the skin's moisture retention capacity.

    Myths to Beware of When Using Retinol

    Retinol is harmful to moles: Retinol does not harm moles. However, because it increases the sensitivity of the skin, it can make moles appear more prominent.
    Retinol causes skin cancer: Retinol does not cause skin cancer. However, because it increases the sensitivity of the skin, it may increase the risk of skin cancer.
    Retinol stops skin aging: Retinol can help slow down skin aging. However, it cannot stop skin aging completely.
    Retinol is an ingredient that has an important place in skin care. When used properly, it can help skin look healthier and younger.

    Niacinamide: The Miracle to Strengthen the Skin Barrier

    Niacinamide, also known as vitamin B3, moisturizes the skin, reduces blemish formation and strengthens the skin barrier. It also has the ability to even out skin tone.

    Why Use Niacinamide?

    It strengthens the skin barrier, thus protecting the skin against external factors.
    It can be effective for spot treatment and can improve the overall appearance of the skin.

    How to Use Retinol and Niacinamide Together?

    The two active ingredients are not usually used at the same time because they act at different pH levels. It may be more effective to apply retinol one evening and niacinamide the next.
    Niacinamide can reduce the side effects of retinol use and has skin calming properties.

    Retinol-Recommendations for Initial Levels: (0.05-0.2)

    -The Inkey List Retinol
    -Cyrene Retical Retinol %0.05, %0.1
    -Dermabien Melacure Boost XA
    -ROC Retinol Correxion Wrinkle Correct Night Cream
    -Neostrata Skin Active Matrix Support Spf 30
    -Skin Pastel Premium Retinol Elastin Cream
    -Neutrogena Cellular Boost Anti-Wrinkle Concentrate
    -Medik8 Night Ritual Vitamin A
    -Selfless By Hyram Retinol & Rainbow Algae Serum
    -L'Oreal Revitalift Retinol

    Retinol- Recommendations for Intermediate-Advanced Level (0.2-1)

    -Herbaderm Retinol Serum
    -Cyrene Retinol Bakuchiol %0.3 Retinol %1 Bakuchiol
    -La Roche Redermic Retinol
    -Institut Esthederm Retinol Oil Serum
    -Svr A Ampoule
    -Clinique Smart Night Clinical Md Multi-Dimensional Repair Treatment Retinol
    -Cyrene Retical Smart CompleX4 Concentrated Serum
    -SkinCeuticals Retinol 0.3 Night Cream / 0.5 / 1
    -pH Formula Vita A Mask
    -Innoa Aesthetics Age Rescue
    -OSL Retinol %0,2 / %0,5 / %1 Serum in Squalane
    -The Ordinary %0,5 / %1 Retinol in Squalane
    -Medik8 Retinol 3TR Intense / 6TR / 10TR
    -Obagi 360 retinol %0.5, %1
    -Zo Skin Health Retinol Skin Brightener
    -Zo Skin Health Wrinkle + Texture Repair
    -Zo Skin Health Radical Night Repair
    -Dermabien Regenerating Serum

    In skincare, powerful active ingredients such as retinol and niacinamide can give effective results when used in the right way. However, every skin is different, so understanding your skin type and taking expert advice is important for healthy and beautiful skin. Remember, skincare is personal and finding the right products is an essential step to ensure long-term beauty.

  • 10 Tips for Successful Spot Treatment



    Spot treatment is one of the most difficult and patience-requiring issues in skin care. However, it is possible to get rid of blemishes by using the right products and methods. In this article, we will give you 10 tips to be successful in spot treatment.

    1. Create a strong skin barrier.
    The skin acts as a barrier that protects the body from external factors. This barrier helps to keep the skin healthy and prevent blemishes. To build a strong skin barrier, it is important to moisturize and nourish your skin. This can mean using products that contain ingredients such as ceramics, hyaluronic acid and ceramides, which help strengthen the skin barrier.

    2. Don't neglect sunscreen.
    The sun's rays are the biggest cause of blemishes. Sun rays stimulate the production of melanin in the skin, leading to the formation of spots. Therefore, one of the most important steps in spot treatment is sun protection. Use sunscreen with an SPF of 30 or higher every day and avoid going out during peak sun hours.

    3. Use vitamin C.
    Vitamin C is one of the most effective ingredients in spot treatment. Vitamin C helps lighten the appearance of blemishes by reducing melanin production. You can use vitamin C in serum, cream or tonic form. Since vitamin C can cause skin irritation, it is recommended to start with low levels and gradually increase them.

    4. Exfoliate regularly.
    Regular exfoliation helps to remove dead cells from the skin surface and make blemishes easier to see. For exfoliation, you can use enzyme peels, chemical peels or mechanical peels. Enzyme peels are less likely to cause skin irritation and are more suitable for sensitive skin. Chemical peels can provide a stronger effect but can cause skin irritation. Mechanical peels are the most likely to cause skin irritation.

    5. Use retinol.
    Retinol helps to lighten the appearance of blemishes by accelerating the regeneration of skin cells. Since retinol can cause skin irritation, it is recommended to start with low levels and increase gradually. Retinol should not be used during pregnancy and breastfeeding.

    6. Make use of auxiliary ingredients.
    In addition to vitamin C, retinol and exfoliation, there are other ingredients that can help treat blemishes. These ingredients include arbutin, kojic acid, niacinamide and alpha-bisabolol. Arbutin helps to reduce melanin production. Kojic acid blocks melanin production. Niacinamide helps to even skin tone. Alpha-bisabolol helps reduce skin redness and irritation.

    7. Consult your doctor.
    If your spots are severe or do not respond to other treatments, you may need to consult your doctor. Your doctor can recommend a customized treatment plan based on the type and severity of your blemishes.

    8. Be patient.
    Spot treatment is a time-consuming process. Therefore, it is important to be patient and continue treatment regularly. On average, it takes 6-12 months to see the results of spot treatment.

    9. Use products suitable for your skin type.
    Using products that are suitable for your skin type will make the spot treatment more effective. For example, if you have sensitive skin, you may need to use low levels of powerful ingredients such as vitamin C or choose products with skin-soothing ingredients.

    10. Share your experiences.
    You can help others by sharing your successful and unsuccessful experiences in treating blemishes. This can help others find the right products and methods.

  • retinol

    WHAT IS RETINOL?

    Retinol is a form of Vitamin A that is commonly used in skincare products. It is known for its anti-aging, acne-fighting, and dark spot-fading properties.

    WHAT DOES RETINOL DO?

    Retinol works by increasing collagen production in the skin. Collagen is a protein that helps to keep the skin looking firm, plump, and wrinkle-free. Retinol can also help to reduce the appearance of dark spots and acne.

    HOW TO USE RETINOL?

    Retinol products should be applied at night, as retinol can be sensitive to sunlight. Before using retinol, it is important to start slowly and gradually increase your usage as your skin tolerates it. Start by applying it once or twice a week, then gradually increase to every day or every other day. When applying retinol, make sure your skin is clean and dry. Apply a thin layer of the product and let it absorb completely. Avoid using other skincare products that can irritate your skin, such as benzoyl peroxide or salicylic acid.

    RETINOL SIDE EFFECTS

    Retinol products can cause some side effects, which are usually mild and go away over time. These side effects can include:

    Redness
    Irritation
    Dryness
    Burning
    Peeling

    RETINOL TYPES

    Retinol is available in a variety of forms. The most common types of retinol are:

    Retinoic acid: This is the strongest form of retinol and can provide the most effective results. However, it is also the most likely to cause irritation.
    Retinol: This is less potent than retinoic acid, but it is also less likely to cause irritation.
    Retinaldehyde: This is even less potent than retinoic acid and is the least likely to cause irritation.
    Retinyl ester: This is a derivative of retinol that is converted to retinol by the skin.
    Retinol products can also vary in their retinol concentration. The concentration of retinol determines how effective the product will be. Retinol concentrations can range from 0.01% to 1%.

    WHAT TO LOOK FOR WHEN CHOOSING A RETINOL PRODUCT?

    When choosing a retinol product, consider the following factors:

    Retinol concentration: The higher the retinol concentration, the more effective the product will be. However, it is important to start with a lower concentration and gradually increase it as your skin tolerates it.
    Formula: Look for a product that is formulated with other ingredients that can help to reduce irritation, such as hyaluronic acid or niacinamide.
    Skin type: Retinol products are not suitable for everyone. If you have sensitive skin, it is important to talk to your doctor before using a retinol product.


    RETINOL PRODUCT RECOMMENDATIONS

    Here are some retinol products that are well-reviewed:

    Starting products:

    Dermabien Melacure Boosting TXA Cream
    Selfless by Hyram Retinol & Rainbow Algae
    Medik8 Crystal Retinal
    Intermediate-advanced products:

    Cyrene Skincare Retinol
    La Roche-Posay Redermic Retinol
    SVR A Ampoule
    DermisVital Regenerating Serum
    Drunk Elephant A-Passioni Retinol Cream


    RETINOL FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS(FAQ)

    Can retinol products be used during pregnancy and breastfeeding?
    Retinol products are not recommended for use during pregnancy and breastfeeding. Retinol can cross the placenta and cause birth defects in the baby.

    Can retinol products make your skin more sensitive to sunlight?
    Yes, retinol products can make your skin more sensitive to sunlight. It is important to wear sunscreen with an SPF of 30 or higher every day, even if you are not using a retinol product.

    Can retinol products trigger acne?
    Yes, retinol products can trigger acne. If you have acne, it is important to talk to your doctor before using a retinol product.

  • choosing right sunscreen for different skin types

    1. Identify your skin type and choose the appropriate filter.
    Choosing a sunscreen that suits your skin type is the foundation for effective protection. If you have oily skin, opt for mattifying and oil-free formulas. For dry skin, products with moisturizing properties are more suitable.

    2. Understand the differences between mineral and chemical filters.
    Mineral filters include products containing zinc oxide and titanium dioxide, while chemical filters rely on various chemical compounds. If you have sensitive skin, opting for mineral filters may reduce potential side effects.

    3. Select products suitable for dermatological issues.
    If you have dermatological issues such as eczema, psoriasis, or dermatitis, consider choosing mineral-filtered products to minimize side effects.

    4. Explore thin-texture and mattifying products.
    Choosing thin-textured and mattifying products when selecting sunscreen provides effective protection without leaving a heavy feeling on the skin.

    5. Examine trustworthy options among Turkish brands.
    Explore mineral-filtered sunscreens from Turkish brands like Siran, Has, and Remmina, which may offer suitable options for sensitive skin.

    6. Consider products specifically designed for children and pregnant women.
    Sunscreen for children and pregnant women should be mineral-based and contain nano filters. Fragrance-free and light formulations are safer for these groups.

    7. Opt for mattifying and lightweight products for oily skin.
    For oily skin, select sunscreens with mattifying features and lightweight formulas to prevent acne formation.

    8. Try anti-aging products for combination skin.
    If you have combination skin, it is recommended to use sunscreens with anti-aging properties. Kozmet Revolution Anti-Aging is a standout product in this category.

    9. Pay attention to moisturizing ingredients for dry skin.
    When selecting sunscreen for dry skin, focus on formulations with moisturizing ingredients that soothe and nourish the skin.

    10. Find affordable and effective products.
    For those seeking cost-effective yet efficient sunscreens, brands like Herbalife and Kozmofarm can be considered.

    Remember, choosing sunscreen is a personal preference, and everyone's skin is different. By experimenting and observing your skin's reactions, you can find the most suitable product. Make sunscreen use a regular habit to protect your skin from the harmful effects of the sun. Stay healthy!

  • choosing right sunscreen for different skin types



    Sunscreen is one of the most important cosmetics we use to protect our skin from the sun's harmful rays. A properly chosen sunscreen can help reduce the risk of many risks such as skin cancer, sun spots, and premature aging.

    The most important points to consider when choosing sunscreen are as follows:

    SPF (Sun Protection Factor): SPF is a unit of measurement that shows the sun protection of sunscreen. SPF 30 protects your skin from UVB rays by 97%, while SPF 50 protects it by 98%. SPF 50 will be sufficient in the summer months and at times when the sun is at its peak, while SPF 30 will be sufficient in the winter months and in the shade.
    UVA and UVB Protection: The rays that come from the sun are divided into two main groups, UVA and UVB. UVA rays cause skin aging, wrinkles, and sun spots. UVB rays can cause skin cancer. The sunscreen should protect you from both UVA and UVB rays.
    Filters: The filters used in sunscreen protect our skin by absorbing or reflecting UVA and UVB rays. The filters used today are as follows:
    Chemical filters: They absorb UVA and UVB rays by absorbing them into the skin.
    Mineral filters: They reflect UVA and UVB rays by creating a physical barrier on the skin.

    Sunscreen Selection According to Skin Type

    It is also important to choose a product that is suitable for our skin type when choosing sunscreen.

    Dry skin: Moisturizing sunscreens should be preferred for dry skin. Mineral sunscreens are more suitable for dry skin.
    Oily skin: Oil-free and mattifying sunscreens should be preferred for oily skin. Mineral sunscreens are more suitable for oily skin.
    Combination skin: Both moisturizing and mattifying sunscreens should be preferred for combination skin.
    Sensitive skin: Fragrance- and alcohol-free sunscreens should be preferred for sensitive skin. Mineral sunscreens are more suitable for sensitive skin.

    Sunscreen Usage

    Sunscreen should be applied at least 30 minutes before going out in the sun. It is important to reapply it every two hours before going out in the sun and after swimming.
    Sunscreen should be applied evenly to all surfaces of the skin. The eye area and lips should also be protected with sunscreen.

    Sunscreen Recommendations

    For dry skin:

    La Roche Posay Toleriane Sensitive SPF 50+
    Avene Hydrance Optimale Riche SPF 30
    Bioderma Photoderm Max Aquafluide SPF 50+

    For oily skin:

    La Roche Posay Anthelios Invisible Fluid SPF 50+
    Avene Cleanance SPF 50+
    Bioderma Sebium Global SPF 30

    For combination skin:

    La Roche Posay Anthelios Hydraphase SPF 30
    Avene Trixera Nutri-fluide SPF 30
    Bioderma Photoderm Max Aquafluide SPF 50+

    For sensitive skin:

    La Roche Posay Anthelios Dermo-Pediatrics SPF 50+
    Avene Tolerance Extreme SPF 50+
    Bioderma Photoderm AR SPF 50+
    These recommendations are selected from dermatological brands. These products are more reliable in terms of skin health.

    Additional tips for choosing sunscreen:

    Look for a sunscreen that is labeled "broad spectrum". This means that it protects against both UVA and UVB rays.
    Choose a sunscreen with an SPF of at least 30. This will help protect your skin from sunburn.
    Reapply sunscreen every two hours, or more often if you are sweating or swimming.
    Protect your eyes with sunglasses and a hat.
    By following these tips, you can help protect your skin from the sun's harmful rays.

« / 2