• choosing right sunscreen for different skin types

    1. Identify your skin type and choose the appropriate filter.
    Choosing a sunscreen that suits your skin type is the foundation for effective protection. If you have oily skin, opt for mattifying and oil-free formulas. For dry skin, products with moisturizing properties are more suitable.

    2. Understand the differences between mineral and chemical filters.
    Mineral filters include products containing zinc oxide and titanium dioxide, while chemical filters rely on various chemical compounds. If you have sensitive skin, opting for mineral filters may reduce potential side effects.

    3. Select products suitable for dermatological issues.
    If you have dermatological issues such as eczema, psoriasis, or dermatitis, consider choosing mineral-filtered products to minimize side effects.

    4. Explore thin-texture and mattifying products.
    Choosing thin-textured and mattifying products when selecting sunscreen provides effective protection without leaving a heavy feeling on the skin.

    5. Examine trustworthy options among Turkish brands.
    Explore mineral-filtered sunscreens from Turkish brands like Siran, Has, and Remmina, which may offer suitable options for sensitive skin.

    6. Consider products specifically designed for children and pregnant women.
    Sunscreen for children and pregnant women should be mineral-based and contain nano filters. Fragrance-free and light formulations are safer for these groups.

    7. Opt for mattifying and lightweight products for oily skin.
    For oily skin, select sunscreens with mattifying features and lightweight formulas to prevent acne formation.

    8. Try anti-aging products for combination skin.
    If you have combination skin, it is recommended to use sunscreens with anti-aging properties. Kozmet Revolution Anti-Aging is a standout product in this category.

    9. Pay attention to moisturizing ingredients for dry skin.
    When selecting sunscreen for dry skin, focus on formulations with moisturizing ingredients that soothe and nourish the skin.

    10. Find affordable and effective products.
    For those seeking cost-effective yet efficient sunscreens, brands like Herbalife and Kozmofarm can be considered.

    Remember, choosing sunscreen is a personal preference, and everyone's skin is different. By experimenting and observing your skin's reactions, you can find the most suitable product. Make sunscreen use a regular habit to protect your skin from the harmful effects of the sun. Stay healthy!

  • retinol


    Retinol is a form of Vitamin A that is commonly used in skincare products. It is known for its anti-aging, acne-fighting, and dark spot-fading properties.


    Retinol works by increasing collagen production in the skin. Collagen is a protein that helps to keep the skin looking firm, plump, and wrinkle-free. Retinol can also help to reduce the appearance of dark spots and acne.


    Retinol products should be applied at night, as retinol can be sensitive to sunlight. Before using retinol, it is important to start slowly and gradually increase your usage as your skin tolerates it. Start by applying it once or twice a week, then gradually increase to every day or every other day. When applying retinol, make sure your skin is clean and dry. Apply a thin layer of the product and let it absorb completely. Avoid using other skincare products that can irritate your skin, such as benzoyl peroxide or salicylic acid.


    Retinol products can cause some side effects, which are usually mild and go away over time. These side effects can include:



    Retinol is available in a variety of forms. The most common types of retinol are:

    Retinoic acid: This is the strongest form of retinol and can provide the most effective results. However, it is also the most likely to cause irritation.
    Retinol: This is less potent than retinoic acid, but it is also less likely to cause irritation.
    Retinaldehyde: This is even less potent than retinoic acid and is the least likely to cause irritation.
    Retinyl ester: This is a derivative of retinol that is converted to retinol by the skin.
    Retinol products can also vary in their retinol concentration. The concentration of retinol determines how effective the product will be. Retinol concentrations can range from 0.01% to 1%.


    When choosing a retinol product, consider the following factors:

    Retinol concentration: The higher the retinol concentration, the more effective the product will be. However, it is important to start with a lower concentration and gradually increase it as your skin tolerates it.
    Formula: Look for a product that is formulated with other ingredients that can help to reduce irritation, such as hyaluronic acid or niacinamide.
    Skin type: Retinol products are not suitable for everyone. If you have sensitive skin, it is important to talk to your doctor before using a retinol product.


    Here are some retinol products that are well-reviewed:

    Starting products:

    Dermabien Melacure Boosting TXA Cream
    Selfless by Hyram Retinol & Rainbow Algae
    Medik8 Crystal Retinal
    Intermediate-advanced products:

    Cyrene Skincare Retinol
    La Roche-Posay Redermic Retinol
    SVR A Ampoule
    DermisVital Regenerating Serum
    Drunk Elephant A-Passioni Retinol Cream


    Can retinol products be used during pregnancy and breastfeeding?
    Retinol products are not recommended for use during pregnancy and breastfeeding. Retinol can cross the placenta and cause birth defects in the baby.

    Can retinol products make your skin more sensitive to sunlight?
    Yes, retinol products can make your skin more sensitive to sunlight. It is important to wear sunscreen with an SPF of 30 or higher every day, even if you are not using a retinol product.

    Can retinol products trigger acne?
    Yes, retinol products can trigger acne. If you have acne, it is important to talk to your doctor before using a retinol product.

  • Retinol and Niacinamide in Skin Care

    Skin care is an important step towards healthy and youthful skin. Some of the active ingredients used in this process, especially retinol and niacinamide, play an important role in supporting skin health. Here are the details about these powerful active ingredients:

    Retinol: The Magic of Skin Rejuvenation

    Retinol is a derivative of vitamin A and stimulates collagen production by penetrating the lowest layer of the skin. Known for its anti-aging effects, retinol can reduce the signs of aging by supporting the regeneration of skin cells.

    Benefits of Retinol

    -Reduces wrinkles.
    -Reduces blemishes.
    -Helps in acne treatment.
    -Evens skin tone.
    -Improves skin elasticity.
    -Increases the skin's moisture retention capacity.

    Things to Consider When Using Retinol

    -Retinol increases skin sensitivity to sunlight. Therefore, sunscreen should always be used when using retinol.
    -Retinol can cause dryness and irritation on the skin. Therefore, it is important to maintain the skin's moisture balance when using retinol.
    -Retinol should not be used during pregnancy and breastfeeding.

    Methods of Using Retinol

    Retinol can be used at any stage of the skin care routine. However, for the first use, it is recommended to apply 2-3 times a week, at night. As the skin gets used to retinol, the frequency and amount of use can be increased.
    Retinol can be used in serum or cream form. Serum forms may give faster results as they contain more concentrated retinol. However, cream forms may be less irritating.

    When using retinol, you can follow the steps below to avoid dry and irritated skin:
    Before using retinol, clean your skin thoroughly.
    Apply a thin layer of Retinol to your cleansed skin.
    After applying Retinol, apply moisturizer to your skin.

    Other Ingredients that can be used with Retinol

    Retinol may be more effective when used in combination with other ingredients. Here are some ingredients that can be used together with retinol:
    Niacinamide: Helps to even skin tone and improve skin elasticity.
    Ascorbic acid (vitamin C): Helps reduce skin blemishes and increase collagen production.
    Hyaluronic acid: Helps increase the skin's moisture retention capacity.

    Myths to Beware of When Using Retinol

    Retinol is harmful to moles: Retinol does not harm moles. However, because it increases the sensitivity of the skin, it can make moles appear more prominent.
    Retinol causes skin cancer: Retinol does not cause skin cancer. However, because it increases the sensitivity of the skin, it may increase the risk of skin cancer.
    Retinol stops skin aging: Retinol can help slow down skin aging. However, it cannot stop skin aging completely.
    Retinol is an ingredient that has an important place in skin care. When used properly, it can help skin look healthier and younger.

    Niacinamide: The Miracle to Strengthen the Skin Barrier

    Niacinamide, also known as vitamin B3, moisturizes the skin, reduces blemish formation and strengthens the skin barrier. It also has the ability to even out skin tone.

    Why Use Niacinamide?

    It strengthens the skin barrier, thus protecting the skin against external factors.
    It can be effective for spot treatment and can improve the overall appearance of the skin.

    How to Use Retinol and Niacinamide Together?

    The two active ingredients are not usually used at the same time because they act at different pH levels. It may be more effective to apply retinol one evening and niacinamide the next.
    Niacinamide can reduce the side effects of retinol use and has skin calming properties.

    Retinol-Recommendations for Initial Levels: (0.05-0.2)

    -The Inkey List Retinol
    -Cyrene Retical Retinol %0.05, %0.1
    -Dermabien Melacure Boost XA
    -ROC Retinol Correxion Wrinkle Correct Night Cream
    -Neostrata Skin Active Matrix Support Spf 30
    -Skin Pastel Premium Retinol Elastin Cream
    -Neutrogena Cellular Boost Anti-Wrinkle Concentrate
    -Medik8 Night Ritual Vitamin A
    -Selfless By Hyram Retinol & Rainbow Algae Serum
    -L'Oreal Revitalift Retinol

    Retinol- Recommendations for Intermediate-Advanced Level (0.2-1)

    -Herbaderm Retinol Serum
    -Cyrene Retinol Bakuchiol %0.3 Retinol %1 Bakuchiol
    -La Roche Redermic Retinol
    -Institut Esthederm Retinol Oil Serum
    -Svr A Ampoule
    -Clinique Smart Night Clinical Md Multi-Dimensional Repair Treatment Retinol
    -Cyrene Retical Smart CompleX4 Concentrated Serum
    -SkinCeuticals Retinol 0.3 Night Cream / 0.5 / 1
    -pH Formula Vita A Mask
    -Innoa Aesthetics Age Rescue
    -OSL Retinol %0,2 / %0,5 / %1 Serum in Squalane
    -The Ordinary %0,5 / %1 Retinol in Squalane
    -Medik8 Retinol 3TR Intense / 6TR / 10TR
    -Obagi 360 retinol %0.5, %1
    -Zo Skin Health Retinol Skin Brightener
    -Zo Skin Health Wrinkle + Texture Repair
    -Zo Skin Health Radical Night Repair
    -Dermabien Regenerating Serum

    In skincare, powerful active ingredients such as retinol and niacinamide can give effective results when used in the right way. However, every skin is different, so understanding your skin type and taking expert advice is important for healthy and beautiful skin. Remember, skincare is personal and finding the right products is an essential step to ensure long-term beauty.

  • Ways to get rid of dead skin/ Exfoliation

    Chemical Exfoliation: What is it and How is it used?

    Chemical exfoliation is a skincare method used to exfoliate the top layer of the skin. This method accelerates skin regeneration, reduces the appearance of blemishes, removes acne and blackheads, evens skin tone and makes the skin look smoother.

    Acids used in chemical exfoliation are divided into three groups: alpha hydroxy acids (AHAs), beta hydroxy acids (BHAs) and poly hydroxy acids (PHAs).

    Alpha hydroxy acids (AHAs) are acids such as glycolic acid, lactic acid, malic acid and mandel acid. AHAs are effective for exfoliating the top layer of the skin and are effective in reducing the appearance of blemishes, even skin tone and making the skin look smoother.

    Beta hydroxy acids (BHAs) are acids such as salicylic acid. BHAs are effective in removing blackheads and acne by penetrating deep into the skin.

    Poly hydroxy acids (PHAs) are acids such as gluconolactone and lactobionic acid. PHAs are less irritating than AHAs and BHAs.

    Chemical exfoliation products are available in different forms such as serums, toners, masks and creams. It is important to test whether your skin is sensitive before using these products.

    How to use chemical exfoliation products?

    Before using chemical exfoliation products, make sure your skin is clean. Apply the product to your face and leave it on for 10-15 minutes. Then rinse the product off with warm water.

    If you are using chemical exfoliation products for the first time, start using them once a week and increase the frequency of use according to your skin's reaction.

    Do not neglect sun protection when using chemical exfoliation products. These products can make your skin more sensitive to sunlight.

    Which acid is suitable for which skin?

    -For skin with acne: Azelaic acid, salicylic acid, glycolic acid, lactic acid and mandel acid
    -For dry and mature skin: Glycolic acid, lactic acid, ascorbic acid and ferulic acid
    -For blemished skin: Vitamin C, azelaic acid, glycolic acid, lactic acid, l-ascorbic and ferulic acid.
    -For sensitive skin: Physical exfoliating products, fruit enzyme masks

    Things to consider when using chemical exfoliation products:

    -Chemical exfoliation products can irritate your skin. Therefore, it is important to test whether your skin is sensitive before using the products.
    -If you are using chemical exfoliation products for the first time, start using them once a week and increase the frequency of use according to your skin's reaction.
    -Do not neglect sun protection when using chemical exfoliation products. These products can make your skin more sensitive to sunlight.
    -Keep chemical exfoliation products away from the eye, nose and lip areas.
    -Do not use chemical exfoliation products with other skin care products that cause irritation to your skin.
    Chemical exfoliation is an effective skin care method that can help your skin look healthier and smoother. However, it is important to be careful when using this method and to test whether your skin is sensitive.

  • How to Create a Skin Care Routine?

    Skin care is an important step for healthy and beautiful skin. However, it is also common to experience confusion about skin care products and ingredients. In this article, we will provide information on how to create a skincare routine and which ingredients should not be used together.

    How to Create a Skin Care Routine?

    To create a skin care routine, you first need to determine your skin type. If you have oily, dry, combination or sensitive skin, it is important to choose products accordingly. You can get help from a dermatologist to determine your skin type.

    The skin care routine basically includes the following steps:


    Cleansing is the most important step in skin care. You need to use a good cleanser to get rid of makeup, dirt and oil on your face. Toner helps to balance the pH value of the skin. Serum contains nutrients and vitamins that the skin needs. Moisturizer helps prevent dry skin. Sunscreen helps protect your skin from the harmful rays of the sun.

    You can change these steps as you like, depending on your skin type and needs. For example, if you have sensitive skin, you may prefer not to use toner and serum. If you suffer from acne, you can use products containing salicylic acid.

    Which Ingredients Should Not Be Used Together?

    Some ingredients used in skin care products may cause skin irritation or redness if not used together. Some of these ingredients are as follows:

    -Vitamin C and acids: Vitamin C and acids help exfoliate and regenerate the skin. However, when used together, they can cause skin irritation.
    -Vitamin C and retinol: Vitamin C and retinol help boost the skin's collagen production. However, when used together, they can cause skin peeling.
    -Retinol and acids: Retinol and acids help regenerate the skin. However, when used together, they can cause skin irritation.
    -Retinol and salicylic acid: Retinol and salicylic acid help regenerate the skin. However, when used together, they can cause peeling of the skin.
    -Sunscreen and acids: Sunscreen helps protect your skin from the sun's harmful rays. However, acids can increase skin sensitivity. Therefore, you should take care to use sunscreen when using products containing acids.
    When using these ingredients together, it is important to observe your skin and stop using them if you see any signs of irritation or redness.

    Which Ingredient to Use for Which Problem?

    In skin care, different ingredients are known to solve different problems. Therefore, when creating your skin care routine, it is important to determine which problems your skin is facing.

    Here are effective ingredients according to skin problems:

    -Acne and blackheads: Salicylic acid, zinc, sulfur
    -Wrinkles and loss of elasticity: Vitamin C, retinol, vitamin E, green tea, polyphenols
    -Matte skin: Vitamin C, hyaluronic acid, glyceryl
    -Rough skin: Salicylic acid, enzymatic peels
    -Hyperpigmentation Vitamin C, vitamin E, alpha-hydroxy acids, beta-hydroxy acids, kojic acid, arctichoke
    -Sensitive skin: Vitamin K, madecassoside, beta-glucan
    -Dry skin Hyaluronic acid, shea butter, squalene

    Solutions Against Sagging

    Sagging is a skin problem that occurs when the skin loses its elasticity and becomes loose. Sagging is usually caused by aging, genetic factors, weight gain and loss, smoking and exposure to sunlight.

    Here are some methods you can apply at home against sagging:

    Microcurrent therapy: This treatment provides an electric current to the muscles, tightening them and lifting the skin.
    LED masks: LED masks help increase collagen production in the skin.
    Radio frequency therapy: This treatment energizes the deep layers of the skin to tighten and regenerate the skin.
    The methods you can apply at home for sagging may be effective for mild sagging. However, medical intervention may be required for more advanced sagging.

    Solutions Against Pitted Stains

    Pitted spots are pits that appear on the surface of the skin. Pitted spots are usually caused by causes such as acne, acne and injuries.

    Here are some methods you can apply at home against pitted spots:

    Piko laser: The pico laser helps reduce the appearance of pitted spots by breaking down melanin pigments on the surface of the skin.
    Microneedling: Microneedling helps to increase skin regeneration and collagen production by puncturing the surface of the skin with tiny microneedles.
    Chemical peeling: Chemical peels help reduce the appearance of pitted spots by peeling off the top layers of the skin.

    The methods you can apply at home for pitted spots may be effective for mild pitted spots. However, more advanced pitted spots may require medical intervention.

    In conclusion, the most important thing in skin care is to use ingredients that are suitable for your skin's needs. This way, you can keep your skin looking healthy and beautiful.

  • Skin Care During Pregnancy

    Safe Cosmetics and Care Products during Pregnancy

    Pregnancy is an important period in a woman's life and there are many factors to consider during this period. One of these factors is the choice of daily cosmetics and care products. Choosing safe products during pregnancy is very important to protect your baby's health. Based on my own pregnancy experience, I will give information about the cosmetics and care products I prefer during pregnancy.

    1. Hair Care:
    Some chemicals in hairdresser procedures may pose a risk during pregnancy. Especially keratin treatments that are fixed to the hair require caution due to the formaldehyde-releasing substances they contain. I avoided going to the hairdresser to avoid inhaling the vapors of these substances. I also did not prefer hair coloring. However, by paying attention to the content of hair dyes used at home, you can dye your hair safely during pregnancy.

    2. Nail polish and other cosmetic products:
    It is important to pay attention to the content of cosmetic products such as nail polish, toothpaste and deodorant. It will be especially useful to consult your doctor about using deodorants containing aluminum. Aluminum content can cause skin sensitivity. Fluoride content in toothpastes is a factor that should not be swallowed.

    3. UV Lamp-Dried Gel Nails and Teeth Whitening Strips:
    Avoiding gel nail applications and teeth whitening strips that are dried using UV lamps is a recommended approach during pregnancy. It may be a healthy choice to pay attention to the absorption of the chemicals they contain and to avoid these applications to protect the skin.

    4. Using LED Masks:
    LED masks are widely used products in skin care. However, it is important to verify the content and safety of the product by consulting your doctor before using it during pregnancy.

    5. Skin Care and Stretch Mark Cream:
    Keeping your skin moisturized during pregnancy can reduce stretch mark formation. Moisturizers and special stretch mark creams can support your skin during this process. However, it would be a safe approach to consult your doctor when choosing a product.

    Paying attention to the ingredients in the cosmetics and care products you use during pregnancy is important for the health of your baby. However, every woman's body structure is different, so it is important not to make radical decisions without consulting your doctor. Remember that every pregnancy is unique and following your doctor's advice can help you have a healthy pregnancy.

  • Shower Routine -Hair and Body Care Steps

    Temperature Setting:

    Set the water temperature before you take your shower. Temperate water will not dry your skin and hair. Excessively hot water can cause itching and dryness.

    Hair Care:

    Hair Oil Application: Massage the scalp by applying a suitable care oil to your hair. This nourishes the hair and promotes hair growth.
    Shampoo Wash: Wet your hair and apply shampoo by massaging your scalp. Then rinse thoroughly.

    Body Care:

    Skin Cleansing with Scrub: Remove dead skin by massaging wet skin with a scrub or body brush. This process revitalizes your skin and increases blood circulation.
    Cellulite Oil Application: Apply cellulite oil to your problem areas to help tighten the skin.

    Face Care:

    Facial Cleansing: Gently cleanse your face using a facial cleanser.
    Peeling: Apply a facial peeling once a week to remove dead skin and renew your skin.

    Skin Care:

    Using Shower Gel or Soap: Clean your entire body using a shower gel or soap suitable for your skin.
    Body Peeling: Make your skin softer and smoother by applying a body scrub before using your shower gel.

    Shaving and Epilation:

    Shaving (Optional): If you are going to shave, shave using shaving foam or gel.
    Hair Removal (Optional): If you are epilating, take advantage of the softer skin after a shower.

    Face Mask (Optional):

    Paper Mask or Clay Mask: You can revitalize and moisturize your skin by applying a face mask towards the end of the shower.

    Finishing with Cold Water:

    Cold Water Hair Wash (Optional): You can increase the shine of your hair by rinsing it with cold water.
    Skin Cleansing with Cold Water: At the end of the shower, rinse your skin with cold water to tighten pores and revitalize your skin.


    Body and Face Moisturizing: After getting out of the shower, nourish your skin with body lotion or moisturizer. Complete your facial care by using a suitable moisturizer for the face.
    By following these steps, you can customize your shower routine and keep both your skin and hair healthy and beautiful. Remember, since every skin type is different, it is important to choose products that are suitable for your skin type.

  • Creating a Skin Care Routine for Acne and Acne Blemishes

    Today, we are here with a content that will share with you the tricks to keep your skin beautiful and healthy.

    How do acne and acne scars go away?

    Acne and acne scars occur as a result of clogged skin pores and the proliferation of bacteria. In order for acne to pass, it is important to clean the skin and open the pores. For this purpose, products containing acids such as salicylic acid and glycolic acid can be used. In addition, ingredients such as vitamin C and hyaluronic acid that support skin regeneration are also effective in the treatment of acne and acne scars.

    How do I get rid of acne?

    In order to get rid of acne, it is first necessary to determine the cause of acne. Increased oil production in the skin, hormonal changes, stress, some medications can cause acne formation. After determining the cause of acne, a treatment plan should be created accordingly.

    Daily skin cleansing and moisturizing is important to prevent acne. In addition, products specially produced for oily and acne-prone skin should be used. Reducing stress and eating regularly also help prevent acne formation.

    Does sunscreen cause acne?

    Sunscreen is a product used to protect the skin from the harmful rays of the sun. Sunscreen does not cause acne, on the contrary, it helps prevent acne formation. However, some sunscreens may contain substances that can cause acne formation. For this reason, sunscreens specially produced for acne-prone skin should be preferred.

    Now, how about discovering the products you can use for an effective skin care routine step by step?

    1. Cleansing Phase:

    The first step to deep cleansing your skin is to use Dermal's Scament oil-based cleanser. This cleanser will refresh your skin with its affordable price and effective formula against blackheads.

    2. Acid Application:

    You can choose products containing glycolic acid, mandarinic acid or Azeri red to help your skin get rid of dead cells. These acids revitalize your skin and prevent acne formation.

    3. Mask Application:

    Clay masks cleanse the pores and revitalize the skin. The combination of ventolin, cholinic and kale offers an effective strategy to fight acne and blemishes.

    4. Tonic Use:

    Selimexim aloe vera toner calms the skin and strengthens the skin barrier. Keeping your skin moisturized by using toner is important to maintain its overall health.

    5. Serum and Eye Cream:

    Derminin's Scamel serum, known for its anti-acne effects, and Maroarn eye cream for the eye area nourish and renew your skin.

    6. Moisturizer:

    Moisturizer with Mariaomi lactic acid and rosehip oil moisturizes and regenerates your skin. The rosehip oil content can help reduce acne blemishes.

    Here is a sample routine:

    Morning Routine

    -Face wash CeraVe Hydrating Facial Cleanser
    -Tonic A'pieu Madecassoside Toner
    -Vitamin C serum: La Roche-Posay Pure Vitamin C10 Serum
    -Hyaluronic acid serum: The Ordinary Hyaluronic Acid 2% + B5
    -Eye contour serum: The Ordinary Caffeine Solution 5% + EGCG
    -Moisturizer CeraVe PM Facial Moisturizing Lotion
    -Sunscreen: Purito Centella Green Level Unscented Sun SPF50+ PA++++

    Evening Routine

    -Makeup removal: Garnier Micellar Cleansing Water
    -Face wash: CeraVe Acne Foaming Facial Cleanser
    -Ransom: Mizon Blackhead Power Liquid
    -Acid routine:
    1-2 times a week: The Ordinary Mandelic Acid 10% + HA
    1-2 times a week: The Ordinary Retinol in Squalane
    -Moisturizer CeraVe PM Facial Moisturizing Lotion


    -Products containing salicylic acid may be preferred for sensitive skin.
    -Acids suitable for the skin type should be used.
    -Acids may cause skin irritation at first use. For this reason, a small amount should be tested for the first time.
    -Acids should be used with sunscreen during the day and applied after moisturizer at night.

    Remember, every skin is different, so it is important to understand your own skin types. Now, a day full of beauty awaits you!

  • Skin Type

    Knowing your skin type is the first step to achieving a healthy, radiant complexion. Each type has its own unique needs and sensitivities, so choosing the right skincare routine is essential. This article will delve into the five main skin types: normal, dry, oily, combination, and sensitive, providing you with the knowledge to care for your skin like a pro.

    Normal Skin: The Balanced Beauty

    Normal skin is the holy grail of skin types. It's well-balanced, neither too oily nor too dry, with fine pores and a healthy, radiant glow. People with normal skin typically have few blemishes and experience minimal sensitivity.

    Caring for Normal Skin:

    1. Cleanse twice daily with a gentle, non-stripping cleanser.
    2. Apply a lightweight moisturizer morning and night.
    3. Use sunscreen daily to protect your skin from harmful UV rays.

    Dry Skin: Craving Hydration

    Dry skin lacks moisture, often feeling tight, flaky, and uncomfortable. It can have visible fine lines and wrinkles, and pores are usually small and barely noticeable. Dry skin is prone to irritation and membutuhkan extra TLC.

    Caring for Dry Skin:

    1. Use a creamy cleanser and lukewarm water to avoid stripping natural oils.
    2. Apply a rich, hydrating moisturizer morning and night.
    3. Look for products containing hyaluronic acid, ceramides, and glycerin to boost moisture levels.
    4. Use a humidifier to add moisture to the air, especially during dry winter months.

    Oily Skin: Shine On (But Not Too Much)

    Oily skin is characterized by an overproduction of sebum, the oily substance that lubricates the skin. This can lead to a shiny appearance, enlarged pores, and blackheads or breakouts.

    Caring for Oily Skin:

    1. Cleanse twice daily with a gentle, oil-free cleanser.
    2. Use a lightweight, oil-free moisturizer.
    3. Apply mattifying products on areas prone to shine.
    4. Exfoliate regularly to remove dead skin cells and prevent clogged pores.

    Combination Skin: A Balancing Act

    Combination skin is a mix of oily and dry areas, commonly with an oily T-zone (forehead, nose, and chin) and drier cheeks. Finding the right balance in your skincare routine is key.

    Caring for Combination Skin:

    1. Use a cleanser that is suitable for both oily and dry skin.
    2. Apply a lightweight moisturizer to oily areas and a richer moisturizer to dry areas.
    3. Use targeted treatments for specific concerns, such as oil-absorbing pads for the T-zone and hydrating masks for dry cheeks.

    Sensitive Skin: Handle with Care

    Sensitive skin is easily irritated by external factors such as harsh ingredients, fragrances, and environmental aggressors. It can react with redness, stinging, burning, or dryness.

    Caring for Sensitive Skin:

    1. Use gentle, fragrance-free products.
    2. Look for products labeled "hypoallergenic" or "non-comedogenic."
    3. Patch test new products before applying them to your entire face.
    4. Avoid harsh scrubs and exfoliating treatments.

    Remember: Your skin type can change over time due to factors like age, hormones, and climate. Pay attention to how your skin reacts to different products and adjust your routine accordingly. Consulting a dermatologist can also provide personalized advice for your unique skin concerns.

    Beyond the Basics:

    1. Sunscreen is essential for all skin types. Choose a broad-spectrum sunscreen with SPF 30 or higher and reapply every two hours, or more often if you're sweating or swimming.
    2. Diet and lifestyle play a role in skin health. Eating a healthy diet, staying hydrated, and getting enough sleep can all contribute to a healthy glow.
    3. Manage stress. Stress can trigger skin problems like acne and eczema. Find healthy ways to manage stress, such as yoga, meditation, or spending time in nature.

    With a little understanding and the right care, you can achieve healthy, radiant skin that you love. Remember, your skin is unique, so embrace its individual needs and enjoy the journey to a glowing complexion!

  • Retinol Side Effects

    Retinol, the golden child of anti-aging skincare, promises smoother, brighter skin, and fewer wrinkles. But before you slather it on like frosting on a cake, hold your horses! This potent ingredient, while effective, comes with a side of potential consequences. Let's peel back the layers (pun intended) on retinol's side effects and navigate this skincare superstar safely.

    The Usual Suspects: Dryness, Irritation, and Peeling

    Like a speeding car on bumpy roads, retinol can make your skin bumpy too. Increased cell turnover means dry, flaky patches, redness, and even some stinging especially for sensitive skin. Fear not, fellow glow-chasers! These are mostly temporary, usually lasting 2-4 weeks as your skin adjusts. To minimize this bumpy phase, start slow: once or twice a week, gradually increasing frequency. Moisturize like a champion, choose gentler formulas, and consider a barrier-repairing balm on extra-dry nights.

    Sun Sensitivity: A Major Buzzkill

    Think of retinol as a skin-thinning magic trick. While that helps with wrinkles, it also means UV rays can sneak in like unwanted party guests. Sunburns, hyperpigmentation, and premature aging become real threats. SPF, my friends, is your non-negotiable BFF. Broad-spectrum, SPF 30 or higher, every day, rain or shine. No ifs, ands, or buts.

    Breakout Blitz: Not Always a Bad Thing

    Hold on, before you ditch the retinol and blame it for your sudden zit-pocalypse! Retinol can bring lurking pimples to the surface faster, making it seem like you're breaking out more. This purging phase, while annoying, is actually a good sign, signifying the clearing process is underway. Be patient, resist the urge to pick, and stick with it smoother skin awaits on the other side.

    Rare, but Real: Eczema Flare-ups and Discoloration

    For some skin types, retinol can be too spicy. Eczema flare-ups and skin discoloration are uncommon but possible side effects. If you have sensitive skin, rosacea, or eczema, proceed with caution, consult a dermatologist, and patch test before diving in headfirst.

    Remember, You're the Captain of Your Skincare Ship

    Listen to your skin. If it's screaming "SOS!", dial back the frequency or ditch the retinol altogether. Consult a dermatologist for personalized advice, especially if you have any underlying skin conditions.

    The Retinol Roundup: Embrace the Glow, Sidestep the Sting

    Retinol is a powerful tool, but knowledge is power too. By understanding its potential side effects and navigating them like a skincare pro, you can unlock its age-defying potential without the drama. So, go forth, glow-getters, and conquer wrinkles, but do it armed with information and SPF!

  • Azelic Acid- A Versatile Ingredient for Skin Care

    Azelaic acid is a dicarboxylic acid found in grains such as wheat and rye. It is also found in animal foods. It has similarities with other alpha hydroxy acids (AHAs) such as glycolic acid, salicylic acid and lactic acid, but has a lower irritation potential.

    Azelaic acid is used in skin care for the following:

    -Acne treatment
    -Spot treatment
    -Rosa treatment
    -Treatment of perioral dermatitis
    -Pore tightening
    -Equalizing skin tone
    -Azelaic acid works by reducing the production of melanin in the skin and reducing inflammation in the skin. This makes it effective in treating acne, blemishes and rosacea.

    You can add azelaic acid to your skin care routine in the following ways:

    -Alone: You can start by using a serum or cream containing azelaic acid.
    -In combination with vitamin C: When azelaic acid and vitamin C are used together, they can be more effective in treating acne and blemishes.
    -With salicylic acid: When azelaic acid and salicylic acid are used together, they may be more effective in tightening pores and even skin tone.

    Azelaic acid is generally well tolerated, but in some people it can cause redness, dryness or irritation of the skin. Therefore, if you are using azelaic acid for the first time, it is important to start adjusting your skin gradually.

    Products Containing Azelaic Acid

    Many products containing azelaic acid are available on the market. Some popular options include:

    -The Ordinary Azelaic Acid Suspension 10%: An affordable serum containing 10% azelaic acid.
    -Paula's Choice 10% Azelaic Acid Booster: A more intense serum containing 10% azelaic acid.
    -SkinCeuticals Azeclear Active: A professional product containing 15% azelaic acid.

    Things to Consider When Using Azelaic Acid

    -Use sunscreen: Azelaic acid can make your skin more sensitive to the sun's harmful rays. Therefore, you should use sunscreen every day when using azelaic acid.
    -Choose a product suitable for your skin type: Azelaic acid is suitable for all skin types, but is especially beneficial for oily and acne-prone skin.
    -Adjust your skin gradually: If you are using azelaic acid for the first time, it is important to start adjusting your skin gradually. Apply it once a day for the first week, then twice a day for the second week. If your skin tolerates azelaic acid, you can then switch to applying it three times a day.

    Azelaic acid is a versatile and effective ingredient for skin care. It can help treat acne, blemishes and other skin problems.

  • Manicure And Pedicure

    Manicures and pedicures are beauty treatments where the nails and cuticles are cared for. Both treatments involve basically the same steps, but require some specialized materials and techniques for the feet.

    Here are the materials needed for manicure and pedicure:

    -Nail clippers or nail file
    -Nail cuticle repellent
    -Nail Polish
    -Nail polish remover
    -Nail polish dryer
    -Hand cream

    Useful extras (optional):

    -Manicure water or warm water and soap
    -Nail file
    -Pumice stone
    -Callus file
    -Foot massager

    Manicure and pedicure steps:

    1. Wash your hands or feet thoroughly.
    2. Cut or file your nails to the desired length or shape.
    3. Soften your cuticles. Soften your cuticles using cuticle water or warm water and soap. You can use manicure water or warm water and soap for about 10 minutes to soften your cuticles.
    4. Push your cuticles. Gently push the softened cuticles back with a cuticle pusher. Do not try to cut the cuticles, as this can cause infection.
    5. Polish your nails. Smooth and polish the edges of your nails with a nail file.
    6. Apply nail polish. Apply nail polish in the color of your choice and apply nail polish remover after the nail polish has dried.
    7. Moisturize your hands or feet. After a manicure or pedicure, moisturize your hands or feet with hand cream or foot cream.

    Things to consider when doing manicure and pedicure:

    -Do not push too hard when cutting or filing your nails. You may cause your nails to grow or break.
    -When applying nail polish, make sure that your cuticles are not covered with nail polish. If nail polish gets on your cuticles, remove it with nail polish remover.
    -Remember to moisturize your hands or feet after a manicure or pedicure. Use hand cream or foot cream to prevent your hands or feet from drying out.

    Additional tips:

    -Wash your hands or feet thoroughly before a manicure or pedicure.
    -When using manicure water or warm water and soap, be careful not to irritate your cuticles.
    -Do not push too hard when using a cuticle pusher.
    -Be gentle on your nails and cuticles when applying nail polish.
    -Apply nail polish remover after the nail polish has dried.
    -Don't forget to moisturize your hands or feet after a manicure or pedicure.

    By following these tips, you can easily and safely do manicures and pedicures at home.

  • Barrier Repair Ingredients

    A barrier repair routine is a skin care routine designed to repair and strengthen the skin barrier. The skin barrier is a barrier that forms the outer layer of the skin and protects it from environmental damage. A weak skin barrier can cause dry skin, redness, irritation and even allergic reactions.

    A barrier repair routine focuses on ingredients that work to repair the skin barrier. These ingredients include ceramides, hyaluronic acid, niacinamide, antioxidants and natural oils.

    When choosing barrier repair and anti-redness products, you should pay attention to the ingredients. First of all, you should choose products containing barrier repairing ingredients. These ingredients help repair the skin barrier, normalizing the skin and reducing its sensitivity.

    Anti-redness ingredients help support the effect of barrier repair ingredients. These ingredients help to reduce redness and sensitivity of the skin.

    Ingredients with indirect barrier repair and anti-redness action also help support barrier repair and anti-redness action.

    You can improve your skin health by including products containing barrier repair and anti-redness ingredients in your skin care routine.

    So what are the barrier repairing ingredients in the ingredient lists of the products?


    A.1. Ceramides:

    Ceramide NP
    Ceramide NG
    Ceramide 4
    Ceramide NS
    Ceramide EOS
    You can see ceramide as ...-.

    A.2. Ceramide precursors:

    Hydroxypalmitoyl sphinganine

    A.3. Natural Moisturizing Factors (NMF):

    Sodium pca
    Hyaluronic acid

    A.3.2 Fatty acids:
    Oleic acid
    Linoleic acid

    A.3.3 Amino acids:


    B.1. Centella Asiatica (Cica) Ingredients:

    Centella Asiatica Water
    Centella Asiatica Extract

    Active ingredients derived from the plant:
    madecassic acid
    acidic acid

    B.2. Oats:

    Avena Sativa Straw Extract
    Avena Sativa Seed Extract
    Avena Sativa Bran Extract
    Avena Sativa Seed Water
    Avena Sativa Seed Extract
    Avena Sativa Leaf Extract
    Avena Sativa Leaf/Stem Extract
    Avena Sativa Leaf/Root Extract

    B.3. Onion

    Onion Bulb Extract

    B.4. Aloe Vera:

    Aloe Barbadensis Leaf Juice
    Aloe Barbadensis Leaf
    Aloe Barbadensis Leaf Extract
    Aloe Andongensis Leaf Juice / Extract
    Aloe Ferox Leaf Juice
    Aloe Barbadensis Juice Extract
    Aloe Arborescens Leaf Extract
    Aloe Maculata Leaf Extract
    Aloe Ferox Leaf Gel
    Aloe Ferox Leaf Extract
    Aloe Barbadensis Leaf Juice
    Aloe Vera Callus Extract
    Aloe Barbadensis Flower Extract
    Aloe Ferox Leaf Juice Extract
    Aloe Barbadensis Callus Culture Extract


    C.1. Vitamin K:
    Menadione Phytonadione Phytonadione Epoxide


    D.1. Fermented Ingredients:

    Lactobacillus ferment lysate
    Bifida ferment lysate
    Lactococcus ferment lysate
    ... ferment lysate in the ingredient list.

    D.2. Antioxidants:

    green tea extract (Camellia Sinensis Leaf Extract)
    coenzyme q10

    D.3. Peptides

    Palmitoyl Tripeptide-1
    Palmitoyl Tetrapeptide-7
    There are hundreds of peptides.

    D.4. Oils:

    Mineral oil / Paraffinum Liquidum / Petrolatum
    Silicones Dimethicone
    ingredients ending with ...icone or ...siloxane.

    Natural Oils
    vitis vinifera seed oil
    persea gratissima oil
    cannabis sativa seed oil
    nigella sativa seed oil
    borago officinalis seed oil

    D.5 Snail Musini:

    Snail Secrection Filtrate


    E.1. Azelaic Acid:

    properties. Since it is a chemical acid, people with a severely damaged barrier should not use it.

  • Tretinoin vs Retinol

    Tretinoin and retinol are two of the most popular skincare ingredients for a reason. They're both derivatives of vitamin A and have the power to transform your complexion, but they're not exactly the same.

    In this article, we'll break down the key differences between tretinoin and retinol to help you decide which one is right for you.

    What is Tretinoin?

    Tretinoin, also known as retinoic acid, is a prescription-strength retinoid. It's the most potent form of vitamin A available and is used to treat a variety of skin concerns, including:

    Wrinkles and fine lines
    Sun damage
    Tretinoin works by speeding up cell turnover, which helps to unclog pores, reduce inflammation, and boost collagen production.

    What is Retinol?

    Retinol is a weaker form of vitamin A that is available over-the-counter. It's not as potent as tretinoin, but it can still be effective for treating mild to moderate acne and improving the appearance of wrinkles and fine lines.

    Retinol works by converting into retinoic acid in the skin, but it does so at a much slower rate than tretinoin. This means that it takes longer to see results with retinol, but it is also less likely to cause side effects.

    Tretinoin vs Retinol: The Key Differences

    Here's a quick comparison of tretinoin and retinol:

    Which One is Right for You?

    The best way to decide whether tretinoin or retinol is right for you is to talk to a dermatologist. They can assess your skin concerns and recommend the best product for you.

    In general, tretinoin is a better choice for people with moderate to severe acne or significant signs of aging. Retinol is a good option for people with mild acne or who are just starting out with retinoids.

    Tips for Using Tretinoin and Retinol

    Start slowly and gradually increase your usage over time to avoid irritation.
    Apply at night, as retinoids can make your skin more sensitive to the sun.
    Always wear sunscreen during the day, even on cloudy days.
    Don't use retinoids if you are pregnant or breastfeeding.

    Tretinoin and retinol are both powerful skincare ingredients that can improve the appearance of your skin. The best choice for you will depend on your individual skin concerns and goals. Talk to a dermatologist to get personalized advice on which product is right for you.

  • Curly Hair Care

    Today, we're going to share with you the secrets to preserving the gorgeous naturalness of curly hair and emphasizing its beauty. Curly hair has unique and vibrant characters, each telling its own story. However, to preserve and bring out the best in these natural beauties, we need a proper hair routine. We'll tell you how to give your hair the special care it needs. Are you ready? Let's dive into the unique world of curly hair together!

    -Gentle Cleaning
    Curly hair is more prone to dryness as their natural oil production is slower. Therefore, it is important to be gentle when cleansing the hair. Our first step is to use a sulfate-free shampoo that balances natural oils. Choosing a shampoo that does not dry the scalp and strands, but also supports the curly structure, is a healthy starting point. Take care not to damage the strands while massaging the scalp.

    -Deep Moisturizing Masks
    Curly hair needs additional moisture, which should be met with regular deep moisturizing masks. Masks with argan oil or coconut oil, which help natural oils penetrate the hair, help prevent curly hair dryness and nourish the strands. Used regularly once or twice a week, these masks will leave your hair soft, shiny and healthier looking.

    -Frequent Cutting and Styling
    Curly hair should be cut and styled regularly. It's important to visit the hairdresser every six to eight weeks on average to prevent split ends and maintain the shape of the hair. Also, adding layers to define the volume and shape of the hair makes curly hair more manageable.

    Here is a special routine with tips for curly hair, based on our personal experience:

    1. Wash your hair with warm water and a sulfate-free shampoo. Then, without getting out of the shower, comb your hair (with a wide-toothed bamboo comb). After this step, hold a little more water on your hair and comb it gently with your fingers.
    2. After getting out of the shower, tilt your head forward and dry your hair with a towel, grabbing the bottom of your hair and squeezing it towards the top. (The less you dry with a towel the better, too much and your hair will frizz!)
    3. Apply an argan oil serum to the lengths and ends of your hair, but not too much.
    4. Apply the hair mousse for curly hair by grabbing it from the bottom of your hair and squeezing it towards the top.
    5. Then dry your hair with a diffuser hair dryer (you can skip this step in hot weather).

    By following these steps, you can keep your curly hair healthy and beautiful.